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Start at the boot time a custom service

SME Server

If you want to start a custom service on the SME Server, you will have to follow some steps. The init script below is just a wrapper, a launcher that will start the real script which will do the job for you '(see SCRIPT=<COMMAND> to give the path to your job script)'. Of course the init script is here only if you want to add a service by hand and thus not installed by a rpm.<br />

'In the case of you have installed a service which comes from a rpm, but without init scripts in the runlevel 7, you have to follow from this section'

add a script to /etc/rc.d/init.d like the script below

nano /etc/rc.d/init.d/YOUR_SERVICE_NAME
# Provides: <NAME>
# Required-Start: $local_fs $network $named $time $syslog
# Required-Stop: $local_fs $network $named $time $syslog
# Default-Start: 2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop: 0 1 6
# Description: <DESCRIPTION>



start() {
if [ -f $PIDFILE ] && kill -0 $(cat $PIDFILE); then
echo 'Service already running' >&2
  return 1
echo 'Starting service…' >&2
local CMD="$SCRIPT &> \"$LOGFILE\" & echo \$!"
su -c "$CMD" $RUNAS > "$PIDFILE"

# Try with this command line instead of above if not workable
# su -s /bin/sh $RUNAS -c "$CMD" > "$PIDFILE"

sleep 2
  if pgrep -u $RUNAS -f $NAME > /dev/null
    echo "$NAME is now running, the PID is $PID"
    echo "Error! Could not start $NAME!"


stop() {
if [ ! -f "$PIDFILE" ] || ! kill -0 $(cat "$PIDFILE"); then
echo 'Service not running' >&2
  return 1
echo 'Stopping service…' >&2
kill -15 $(cat "$PIDFILE") && rm -f "$PIDFILE"
echo 'Service stopped' >&2

uninstall() {
echo -n "Are you really sure you want to uninstall this service? That cannot be undone. [yes|No] "
local SURE
read SURE
if [ "$SURE" = "yes" ]; then
  rm -f "$PIDFILE"
  echo "Notice: log file is not be removed: '$LOGFILE'" >&2
  update-rc.d -f <NAME> remove
  rm -fv "$0"

status() {
      printf "%-50s" "Checking $NAME..."
  if [ -f $PIDFILE ]; then
      PID=$(cat $PIDFILE)
          if [ -z "$(ps axf | grep ${PID} | grep -v grep)" ]; then
              printf "%s\n" "The process appears to be dead but pidfile still exists"
              echo "Running, the PID is $PID"
      printf "%s\n" "Service not running"

case "$1" in
  echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|uninstall}"

you have to fill these fields with the relevant values

# Provides: <'NAME'>

<nowiki>#</nowiki> Description: <'''DESCRIPTION'''>
SCRIPT=<'''COMMAND'''> #path to the script you want to start automatically at boot
RUNAS=<'''USERNAME'''> #user who run the script (can be root or other choice)
NAME=<'''YOUR_SERVICE_NAME'''> #name of the service.

make that script executable

chmod u+x /etc/rc.d/init.d/YOUR_SERVICE_NAME

You need to say to SME Server to add the script to each run level you have specified at the top of your init script( Default-Start: 2 3 4 5 and Default-Stop: 0 1 6 ). For Linux using rpm as centos or redhat, you can use

chkconfig YOUR_SERVICE_NAME --add

You can set the levels where the initscript has to start

chkconfig YOUR_SERVICE_NAME --level 2345 on

If you want to see which runlevel your script will run in

chkconfig YOUR_SERVICE_NAME --list

example :

# chkconfig dhcp-dns --list
dhcp-dns       	0:arrêt	1:arrêt	2:marche	3:marche	4:marche	5:marche	6:arrêt

However it is not enough for SME server since we have to add service to rc7.d to say to our distro to start the service at boot, therefore let's go to the section below

allow a service to start for a particular time

If your package implements a server or daemon, you will probably want it to be started automatically when the system boots. The SME Server boots in runlevel 7, so you can get an idea of the startup processes by listing the contents of /etc/rc.d/rc7.d.

These are similar to the init scripts you may be familiar with from other Linux systems, with one important difference. Instead of pointing to scripts within /etc/rc.d/init.d, all of those init entries are links to /etc/rc.d/init.d/e-smith-service. This is a wrapper which checks the configuration database to see if the service is supposed to be running and if so, starts the service from /etc/rc.d/init.d/whatever.

So for example, you might have:

S90squid -> /etc/rc.d/init.d/e-smith-service

The e-smith-service script looks up the name it was invoked with (S90squid), drops the prefix (leaving squid), checks the configuration database for the “squid” service, then if it's supposed to run, does:

/etc/rc.d/init.d/squid start
  • with this way SME's knows how to/if start the service at startup

config set 'YOUR_SERVICE_NAME' service status enabled

:* IF your init script is not ALREADY in etc/rc.d/init.d you can do a link to the init script
cd /etc/rc.d/init.d
ln -s /path/to/myinitscript '''YOUR_SERVICE_NAME'''

'We are creating a symlink of the original startup script with a new name (the point is that 'YOUR_SERVICE_NAME' must be identical to the service name above)'

  • In /etc/rc7.d we do a link to the wrapper e-smith-service
cd /etc/rc7.d
ln -s  /etc/rc.d/init.d/e-smith-service '''SXXYOUR_SERVICE_NAME'''

we create a symlink to e-smith-service startup script with a name where: S tells SME to start XX are numbers

You can decide when to start the service 'YOUR_SERVICE_NAME', but you should not start something that need the network before the network itself is up and running. Therefore you can see the content of /etc/rc7.d and see which scripts are needed to execute your new startup script

signal-event remoteaccess-update
service '''YOUR_SERVICE_NAME''' start

Creating or deleting a service

Some examples

  • Creating and starting service
ln -f -s /etc/rc.d/init.d/e-smith-service /etc/rc7.d/S98popfile
/sbin/e-smith/db configuration set popfile service status enabled
/sbin/e-smith/signal-event remoteaccess-update
service popfile start
  • Deleting and unregistering service
service popfile stop
sleep 3
rm -f /etc/rc7.d/S98popfile
rm -f /etc/rc.d/init.d/popfile
/sbin/e-smith/config delete popfile
/sbin/e-smith/signal-event remoteaccess-update

Create a service with db command and set network access

Create a custom-named service definition in the configuration database.

db configuration set <servicename> service

Apply your desired firewall restrictions to any existing SME 'service' or to a custom-named service that you have created. Combine a custom-named service with port-forwarding to create customized firewall rules.

db configuration setprop <servicename> TCPPort <portnumber>
db configuration setprop <servicename> TCPPorts <portnumbers> # Ranges of ports are defined with a : not a -
db configuration setprop <servicename> UDPPort <portnumber>
db configuration setprop <servicename> UDPPorts <portnumbers> # Ranges of ports are defined with a : not a -
db configuration setprop <servicename> status enabled|disabled
db configuration setprop <servicename> access public|private
db configuration setprop <servicename> AllowHosts a.b.c.d,x.y.z.0/24
db configuration setprop <servicename> DenyHosts e.f.g.h,l.m.n.0/24

Effectuate the changes you have made

signal-event remoteaccess-update

General Service Handling

SME Server uses [ runit], a UNIX init scheme with service supervision. See the man page of [ the 'sv' command]

All other linux common way to start or stop services are also valuable

/etc/init.d/servicename start/stop/status
service servicename start/stop/status


sv u /service/servicename


sv d /service/servicename


sv t /service/servicename

* status

sv s /service/servicename

you may use TAB to auto-complete your command line



sv t /service/httpd-e-smith
add_a_custom_service.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/05 19:48 (external edit)