Stephdl Repository

Sidebar

Repository

rpm_macros

This is an old revision of the document!

Valid RPM Macros

Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora 13 (rpm-4.8.0-14.fc13). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of “

`rpm --showrc`

”. To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command

`rpm --eval "%{macro}"`

. Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your

`~/.rpmmacros`

file and macros defined on the command line.

Keep in mind that some of these macros may evaluate differently on older Fedora or EPEL releases.

Macros mimicking autoconf variables

```%{_sysconfdir}        /etc
%{_prefix}            /usr
%{_exec_prefix}       %{_prefix}
%{_bindir}            %{_exec_prefix}/bin
%{_libdir}            %{_exec_prefix}/%{_lib}
%{_libexecdir}        %{_exec_prefix}/libexec
%{_sbindir}           %{_exec_prefix}/sbin
%{_sharedstatedir}    /var/lib
%{_datarootdir}       %{_prefix}/share
%{_datadir}           %{_datarootdir}
%{_includedir}        %{_prefix}/include
%{_infodir}           /usr/share/info
%{_mandir}            /usr/share/man
%{_localstatedir}     /var
%{_initddir}          %{_sysconfdir}/rc.d/init.d```

Differences in EPEL 4 & 5

• %{_initddir} does not exist in EPEL 4 & 5, use the deprecated %{_initrddir} macro instead
• %{_sharedstatedir} expands to %{_prefix}/com in EPEL 4 & 5

Other macros and variables for paths

These macros should be used for paths that are not covered by the macros mimicking autoconf variables. The

`%{buildroot}`

macro or the

`\$RPM_BUILD_ROOT`

variable is the directory that should be assumed to be the root file system when installing files. Is is used as the value for the

`DESTDIR`

variable.

```%{_var}               /var
%{_tmppath}           %{_var}/tmp
%{_usr}               /usr
%{_usrsrc}            %{_usr}/src
%{_lib}               lib (lib64 on 64bit multilib systems)
%{_docdir}            %{_datadir}/doc
%{buildroot}          %{_buildrootdir}/%{name}-%{version}-%{release}.%{_arch}
\$RPM_BUILD_ROOT       %{buildroot}```

Build flags macros and variables

These macros should be used as flags for the compiler or linker. Note that the values for the macros below reflect the settings on Fedora 13 (i686) with redhat-rpm-config installed.

```%{__global_cflags}   -O2 -g -pipe -Wall -Wp,-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fexceptions -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4
%{optflags}          %{__global_cflags} -m32 -march=i686 -mtune=atom -fasynchronous-unwind-tables
\$RPM_OPT_FLAGS       %{optflags}```

RPM directory macros

The macros are usually used with

`rpmbuild --define`

to specify which directories rpmbuild should use, it is unusual to use them within SPEC files.

```%{_topdir}            %{getenv:HOME}/rpmbuild
%{_builddir}          %{_topdir}/BUILD
%{_rpmdir}            %{_topdir}/RPMS
%{_sourcedir}         %{_topdir}/SOURCES
%{_specdir}           %{_topdir}/SPECS
%{_srcrpmdir}         %{_topdir}/SRPMS
%{_buildrootdir}      %{_topdir}/BUILDROOT```

%{_buildrootdir} does not exist in EPEL 4 & 5

rpm_macros.1432284167.txt.gz · Last modified: 2019/06/05 21:48 (external edit)